What Is Gestational Diabetes | Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Risk Factor

Gestational Diabetes Definition

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs in the later stages of pregnancy. As the placenta supports the growing fetus, it produces hormones. These hormones may interfere with the mother’s ability to produce and use insulin.

What Is Gestational Diabetes?


It is important to get control of gestational diabetes early in order to prevent exposing the baby to an excess of glucose, that later store as fat. Too much glucose in the womb not only leads to an extremely fat baby but may lead to other problems such as obesity and type 2 diabetes in adulthood.

Gestational Diabetes, earlier known as Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, is diabetes that happens during pregnancy. Only a pregnant woman gets GDM. A pregnant woman with no diabetes background can also have gestational diabetes during the onset of her pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms


It is very essential to pay attention to gestational diabetes symptoms during pregnancy. Following are the top 5 gestational diabetes symptoms:-

Weight loss: Women with Gestational diabetes can suffer sudden weight loss. This kind of sudden weight loss can make the woman prone to other diseases as well.

Vague vision: Unexpected Blurred vision is one of the gestational diabetes symptoms during pregnancy. High sugar levels in the blood affect eyesight directly.

Frequent Urinating affinity: During pregnancy tendency of frequent urination is another gestational diabetes symptom. You should always follow a strict gestational diabetes diet in case you have Type1 or Type2 diabetes already.   

Thirst and hunger: In spite of large meals a gestational diabetic woman feels hunger often. Moreover if your gestational diabetic then you should drink at least 8 glasses of water every day to keep your body hydrated.     

Exasperation and irritation: It is also one of the gestational diabetes symptoms. So beware because crankiness can lead to this deadly problem.

If you think you are suffering from any of the above symptoms during pregnancy then it is better to consult your gynecologist as soon as possible to protect yourself from fatal gestational diabetes.

Gestational diabetes could be identified only when the blood sugar tests are performed and by proper diet planning, exercises, and medicines, it is possible to keep control of gestational diabetes. Some of the symptoms of gestational diabetes are-

1. Frequent thirst

2. Frequent urination

3. Fatigue

4. Loss in weight though appetite is increased

5. Blurred vision

6. Nausea and vomiting

7. Infection in the vagina, the bladder is quite frequent

Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy


Gestational diabetes usually diagnoses or begins during pregnancy. It is characterized by a high blood sugar level that is first recognized during pregnancy. In pregnancy, Glucose Intolerance occurs and it synonymous with gestational diabetes. 

What Causes Gestational Diabetes 


The common causes of Gestational Diabetes can be the family history of diabetes, born 9lb baby previously from the same mother, overweight or loss, having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), African or Hispanic origin, obesity, recurrent infections, death of a newborn or a mysterious miscarriage. Families originating from certain areas can be at a higher risk. Women from South Asia including India, Pakistan are at risk. 

Gestational Diabetes Due To Hormonal Changes


Therefore, women from the Middle East including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon, or Egypt can also be risk-prone to Gestational Diabetes. It appears that women possess a certain degree of impaired Glucose Intolerance due to hormonal change during pregnancy; it means the blood sugar is higher than normal but the diabetes is not high.

In the third semester, the latter part of the pregnancy, these hormonal changes let women fall into a risky position for Gestational Diabetes. The high level of certain hormones that prepared in the placenta lets nutrients shift from the mother to the developing fetus. The placenta is the organ that connects the baby to the Uterus by the umbilical cord. 

Gestational Diabetes Blood Sugar Levels


However, the residual hormones, produced in the Placenta help the mother prevent developing low blood sugar, and insulin stops working. As the pregnancy period continues, these hormones ultimately lead to creating impaired Glucose Intolerance, the high blood sugar levels. Decreasing blood sugar levels, the body makes more insulin letting glucose pour into the cells for energy consumption.

The pancreas of mothers can be able to produce more insulin that is three times higher than the normal amount. The system produces to overcome the effect of the pregnancy hormones at blood sugar levels. When the Pancreas cannot produce insulin enough to overcome the effect of the increased hormones in pregnancy time, the blood sugar levels will rise, and it results from Gestational Diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes Diagnosis


Further, Gestational Diabetes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, GDM is a condition when pregnant women exhibit high blood pressure without diagnosing diabetes before.

The symptoms of Gestational Diabetes are being screened during the pregnancy period. The diagnostics tests detect the inappropriateness of high levels of glucose in blood samples. Gestational Diabetics affect 3% to 10% of pregnancies based on population studies. Some studies reveal that the lack of resistance of women's bodies on insulin production results in impaired Glucose Tolerance relating to hormone levels. 

Gestational Diabetes Complications


The mothers with Gestational Diabetics give birth to babies bearing typical problems. It can be a delivery complication, low blood sugar, and jaundice. Control of glucose levels can decrease the level.

The Possibility of Preventing Gestational Diabetes


Even though there is no proof that we can 100% prevent a pregnant woman from getting diagnosed with gestational diabetes there is a proven way to help the possibility of preventing it or once diagnosed with it help maintain it and even in some cases reverse it. 

Before we get started I would like to give you an additional piece of information. It is proven that 30-40% of women who contract gestational diabetes have a greater chance later in life to become type 2 people with diabetes.

Foods For Gestational Diabetes


Now having said that let us try to do our best and prevent you from getting it in the first place. Everyone has heard the saying "she is eating for two now" well technically she isn't but what is happening is the baby is collecting all the nutrients from the mother, therefore, leaving the mother feeling as though she hasn't eaten.

Some of us may go overboard in that department and start eating what we want whether it is nutritional or not. One of the sure ways to help prevent gestational diabetes is to eat healthily and not let junk food take over your pregnancy.


Again it is fine to splurge a little but overall you must eat healthy 99% of the time and when you do crave junk it will most likely balance out more than if you were eating whatever and whenever. Like any person with diabetes, a pregnant woman should be eating up to 6 times a day and those should be small portions.

This balances out the sugar levels that help maintain that hunger we all tend to get at certain times of the day or evening. By making smart food choices at the beginning of your pregnancy can help to prevent gestational diabetes.


Exercise For Gestational Diabetes


Another way to help is to exercise regularly; this doesn't mean you should go out and run a marathon. Taking evening walks after dinner is good, keeps your blood circulating and your cardio can get a workout as well. Being pregnant isn't a disease that prevents you from doing your normal activities but does get the approval of your doctor before starting any exercises.

Gestational Diabetes Baby


In fact, before you become pregnant choosing to eat right and exercising will increase your chances of preventing gestational diabetes even more and with less stress on your body while fighting any cravings or aches and pains that your body is not used to. 

Getting enough rest and eating healthy along with some exercises while pregnant is always good for you and your baby and gives you a better chance of preventing this type of diabetes.

Please take note that if diabetes runs in your family and you do everything we have mentioned and you still get gestational diabetes that there is no proven medical way to prevent this disease altogether.

What we are saying is that you can take the measures of trying to prevent and to make the odds in your favor when it comes to having a healthy pregnancy. A good diet, exercise program, and plenty of sleep help with many more things other than diabetes health Fitness, overall it keeps you and your baby healthier.

Gestational Diabetes Diet Menu, Foods to Eat


Gestational Diabetes is a condition of high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. The hormonal changes cause Gestational Diabetes. The Placenta is the organ that connects the baby by the umbilical cord to the uterus and transfers nutrients from the mother to the baby. Excessive produced hormones are made in the Placenta.

The placenta lets insulin manage the glucose, and this process is under the banner of insulin resistance. During pregnancy, the placenta becomes larger; and produces more hormones, and intensifies insulin resistance. 

Pancreas Fails In Gestational Diabetes


Generally, the pancreas of the mother has the capability to produce more insulin to overcome insulin resistance. When the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin to cope with the effect, the excessive produced hormones during the pregnancy, the level of glucose will become high, which results from Gestational Diabetes.

If high blood glucose levels are not treated during pregnancy, it causes the problems for mother and the baby. It also predicts Gestational diabetes does not make your baby diabetic. Nevertheless, without treatment, gestational diabetes can let your baby produce excessive insulin; gain much weight, and strengthen the risk of premature delivery.

Blood glucose level usually returns after the birth of a child. Women who suffered from Gestational diabetes are risk-prone of affecting type 2 diabetes later in life.

The healthy diet menu for diabetes can be 


1. Three small meals along with three snacks regularly, not skipping meals or snacks.

2. Because of insulin resistance, low consumption of carbohydrates at breakfast.

3. Equal portion of carbohydrate consumption of each meal and snack.

4. Due to morning sickness, one to two portions of crackers, cereals, or pretzels before leaving.

5. The bed, small and frequent meals for the whole day, and not consuming fatty, fried, and greasy foods.

6. Insulin taker along with low blood glucose, to be conscious of treating low blood glucose.

7. Preference of high fiber food including pure or whole-grain bread, cereals, pasta, rice fruits, and vegetables.

8. Foods with less sugar and fat.

9. Daily sixty-four ounce or eight cups of liquids.

In a diet plan, you should think of minerals and vitamins  


The diet plan can be varied; it relates closely. the following diet plan is for women who have weight in between 130 to 135 pounds before pregnancy and becoming gestational diabetes. the sample plan of gestational diabetes perhaps can be -

For breakfast, you can make hard-boiled eggs, toast, grapes, and milk.

The distribution is -

1. One hard-boiled egg.
2. One slice of whole-wheat bread.
3. One tablespoon canola-based, trans-fat-free margarine.
4. Any kind of one-third pound of grapes.
5. twelve ounces of non-fat skim milk.

Therefore, the mid-morning snack can be composed of peanut butter, jelly, sandwich, and milk-free reprint.

The distribution is -

1. One slice of pure wheat bread.
2. One tablespoon of smooth peanut butter.
3. One tablespoon of reduced sugar jelly or jam.
4. Eight ounces of non-fat skim milk.

Best Herbal Treatment For Gestational Diabetes


Gestational diabetes: It is that type of diabetes that develops among pregnant women. In general, gestational diabetes is no exception that it too has an imbalance in blood sugar. It can affect the unborn baby's health. Controlling the blood sugar levels by following a strict routine (eating healthy, exercising, etc.) is the best way to prevent birth-related issues.


The good part is that this diabetes gets normal after the delivery soon. But if the women have had the experience of gestational diabetes then there is a high probability of developing type 2 diabetes at a later age. The child is also likely to develop diabetes during his or her adult stage.

The science behind developing diabetes:


Whatever we eat is converted into energy (glucose). This glucose is first gets mixed into the bloodstream (after eating) and then a hormone, known as insulin is secreted by the beta cells present in the pancreas, which helps to move this glucose from the blood to other cells of the body for energy production.

In the case of diabetes, the insulin does not get produced at all or in small amounts. If the person eats and that food is not utilized at all then the glucose keeps on storing in blood and the person feels lethargic all the time. So, one needs to artificially inject that insulin so as the energy production does not get disturbed.

While In Pregnancy


The placenta (baby-mother connection) forms high levels of many hormones. Almost every hormone hinders insulin production, raising blood sugar tremendously. A healthy woman living a nutritious lifestyle gets her body adjusted while her pregnancy days but those moms leading unhealthy life cannot sustain even the modest elevation of blood sugar. This then causes gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes generally occurs in the 20th week of pregnancy.

Risk Factors Of Gestational Diabetes?


The diagnosis of gestational diabetes is done mainly during pregnancy. Usually, it lasts up to 24 to 28 weeks. According to various doctors, there are very few obvious symptoms of diagnosing gestational diabetes.

These risk factors include family history, overweight or obesity prior to pregnancy, race, and age. Having gestational diabetes will put the baby and the mother at a risk for various complications. Thus, it is very important for understanding the various ways of controlling gestational diabetes.

Step One

One must speak to a health care provider as well as a dietician. This will give all the necessary information regarding gestational diabetes. When a person is having all the basic information, it will become very easier to understand why there is an importance for following a careful diet.

Step Two

Carbohydrate counting should be learned. This is a method that is used for helping in planning the meals as well as for controlling the blood glucose levels for helping a person feel better. The carbohydrate service is equal to 15g carbohydrate.

For being accurate as possible, the serving should be checked for measuring the spoons and cups or a food scale. The nutrition facts label should be read.. while the label for nutrition facts should be read, the serving size has to be studied. Grams of sugar must be ignored even if it is included in the total gms of carbohydrates.

Step Three

A meal plan has to be developed. Enough nutrients and calories have to be included in the meal plan. This will help in ensuring healthy fetal growth. This will help in the development and maintenance of optimal blood glucose control. Following a consistent meal plan is considered to be very important.

A sample meal plan is needed for gestational diabetes. For breakfast, two servings of carbohydrates are required. A morning snack is also required. A dinner of two carbohydrate servings is required. Four carbohydrate servings are required for lunch. An afternoon snack of two carbohydrate servings is required.


Step Four

The blood glucose should be monitored. According to the centers for disease control and prevention, fingerstick blood glucose testing has to be done. If everything is optimal free Reprint Articles, it should be decreased to four times a day. This has to be advised by health care providers.

How to Take Care of Yourself If You Have Gestational Diabetes


Gestational diabetes is no different from other variations of this health disorder. The only difference is that it occurs to women at the time of pregnancy and is harmful to the life getting nurtured inside the mother. High blood level in the sugar is the main effect of this form of diabetes, which can trigger other harmful health issues. 

The restricted production of insulin is the main culprit for this type of diabetes as well. This happens because of sudden gain of weight and hormonal modifications for a would-be mother.

The symptoms of this form of diabetes include an increase in thirst and also, frequent urination. The pregnancy-related hormones elevate their production, thereby leaving little scope and space for insulin. The second trimester of pregnancy can further enhance this problem, while the third trimester can make it worst.

However, unlike other forms of diabetes, gestational diabetes is easily treatable and resides in your body for a short period of time. Here are few recommendations for taking care while experiencing this disorder.

Prevention Is The Ultimate Solution


If you are gathering information about pregnancy and related problems in the very first trimester, you will surely encounter the mention of gestational diabetes. Thus, you can learn the preventive measure to prohibit the existence of this problem.

Here are few tips for this:

1-If you already have excessive weight, you should make efforts to reduce it in the first month of pregnancy. With the passage of time, you are bound to gain more pounds and thus, it is better to shed away the existing fat.

2-Healthy diet, which contributes less towards fat and sugar, can help you avoid gestational diabetes.

3-Your involvement in physical work and recommended exercises can also help you remain slim and shut all gates for gestational diabetes.

4-do don't forget to consult your doctor for learning other useful preventive measures for this problem.

However, if you have already entered the phase, where prevention will not serve the purpose, you need to learn the following tips to take good care of yourself against gestational diabetes.

Monitor the Sugar Level


Keeping a constant eye on the sugar level achieved by your blood can help you to reduce the symptoms of gestational diabetes. For this, you can fix regular appointments with your doctor, or you can avail specially designed devices for blood monitoring at home. Get specific advice and suggestions about these devices from experts.

Consuming Fewer Calories and Burning More


You must maintain the appropriate level of calories in your body, which will help in retaining only a sufficient amount of sugar. For this, you should re-plan your diet with the help of your dietician and also learn special pregnancy exercises to burn calories. Burning calories can help your body to consume surplus sugar accumulated and thus, keep gestational diabetes away from you.

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