Learn Human Physiology and Anatomy? What Is Human Physiology

What is Physiology?

The study of the function of the living organisms is known as physiology and the study of the structure of living things is known as anatomy. I’m going to answer this using an analogy between a computer and a human body a computer is made up of parts like a monitor, Central processing unit (CPU), and a keyboard.


An expert who studies these computer parts is called a hardware engineer. I’m going to answer this using an analogy between a computer and a human body a computer is made up of parts like a monitor, Central processing unit (CPU), and a keyboard. Expert who studies these computer parts is called a hardware engineer similarly human body is made up of parts organs like brain, heart, kidneys and so on and a person who studied the structure of these organs is called as an anatomist.

Function Of Organ?

How a computer will function is determined by the codes written in its operating system similarly the function of human organs is decided by the genetic codes in its genome the genome is a collection of all the genetic information in an organism that directs how the body must work.

Let us consider an example one of the functions performed by the computer in front of you now is reading this article and this function is an outcome of multiple underlying processes like copy and save the article decoding it producing output to the screen and the speakers and so on if you open the task manager you will see the list of processes running at all the time similarly one of the functions performed by your body now is reading this article and this function is made possible by hundreds of underlying processes like visual transduction and visual processing auditory transduction and processing comprehension memory and so many other functions at any point of time.

Function Of Physiology?

Our organs also performing so many functions like breathing digestion and so on and each function involves hundreds of coordinated processes the focus of human physiology is to understand this function and the processes responsible for it human physiology is the study of functions in the living system.

How Physiology Word Come?

It is the simplest answer the aim of physiology is to understand the underlying mechanisms or to explain the processes which are responsible for the function, in other words, physiologists try to answer how the cells organ the organ system work and how they interact with each other to produce a function at an organism level what is the word origin you might have found the resemblance between the word physics and physiology isn’t it there is a reason for that the word physiology can be traced back to ancient greek words physicists and logos which means nature and philosophy respectively philosophy of study natural philosophy.

Natural philosophy is the precursor of natural science and the natural sciences deal with the study of all-natural phenomena existing in the universe both the living things and the material universe so both physics and physiology are part of natural sciences physics deals with the material universe and physiology deals with the function within the living system.

The study of all life phenomena is called biology and a branch of biology that studies the logic of life is the physiology the physiologist are trying to answer house and the whys of biology the term physiology itself was coined by a French physician gene fennel who suggested as to be physiology in french which is in English physiology levels of organization in this physiology course we are going to study function at various levels of the organization.

What Is Medical Physiology?

For ample some topics like membrane transport will be at the cellular level and some topics like peristalsis will be at the level of tissue-level like smooth muscle tissue and some topics like gastric emptying will be at the organ level and the functions like digestion.

It will be studied at an organ system level and some functions like saying glucose homeostasis is studied at an entire organism level which involves multiple organ systems this course the chapters are divided according to the organ system and our major focus will be on organ-level functions and the organ system levels though we are going to discuss some of the integrated functions also in this course we are going to focus on the concepts which are essential for understanding medicine this branch is called medical physiology.

What Is Modern Physiology?

It is the foundation for modern medicine in a human body deviates from its normal function it’s called a deceased state a pathological a state the aim of medicine is to bring back the body from a deceased state back to its normal physiology that is why the study of medicine begins with the study of its foundation that is medical physiology is an experimental science all our knowledge of physiology comes from experimentation and mainly animal experiments research in physiology advances our understandings of detailed mechanisms that control and regulate behavior in our human body is considered as the father of modern physiology he is the one who is known for promoting the experimentation in medical sciences he also gave the concept called as maintenance of the stable internal environment.

What Is Anatomy?

Anatomy is the identification and description of the structures of living things. Anatomy is a branch of biology and medicine that can be divided into three broad areas human anatomy, (animal anatomy), and phytotomy (plant anatomy).

What Is The Meaning Of Anatomy?

The word anatomy comes from the Greek ana- meaning “up”, and tome- meaning “a cutting”. Anatomy, especially in the past, has depended heavily on dissection. In Greek and Latin the words “anatomy” and “dissection” have virtually the same meanings. Although both words have similar origins, anatomy has evolved to become a broad discipline of its own, while dissection remains a technique of anatomical science.

Types Of Anatomy?

Anatomy can be divided into Gross Anatomy (macroscopic anatomy) and Microscopic Anatomy. In medicine, gross anatomy, also known as topographical anatomy or macro anatomy, refers to the study of the biological structures that may be seen with the naked eye. Gross anatomy may involve dissection or noninvasive methods; the aim is to acquire data about the larger structures of organs and organ systems. In dissection, the human or animal cadaver is cut open and its organs are studied. Endoscopy, inserting a tube with a camera at the end, might be used to study structures within living animals. There are non-invasive ways of studying, for example, the blood vessels of living animals or humans; an opaque dye may be inserted into the animal to observe the circulatory system (angiography). Live beings may also be studied using MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or X-ray.

Uses Of Microscope Anatomy

Microscopic anatomy, also known as histology, is the study of cells and tissues of animals, humans, and plants that are too small to been seen with the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy commonly involves studying tissues and cells by sectioning and staining (histological-techniques) and then looking at them under an electron or light microscope.

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