Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms, Risk Factor And Treatment

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes symptoms occur when insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are attacked by the body’s immune system. Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas. It sends glucose we obtain from food into cells for energy.

Insulin keeps blood glucose levels at the normal level. When it fails to work, the way it should or when the body fails to produce enough insulin, the blood glucose levels increase in the body. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes, as it affects younger people more than adults. It can happen either at birth or develop in later years up to 14 years.

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is also referred to as diabetes mellitus, and may broadly be classified as a category of ailments wherein a person has high blood glucose levels. This could be either because insulin production in one’s body is not sufficient, or the body fails to respond to the insulin in the required way.

Some of the symptoms that are very commonly associated with diabetes are frequent thirst, hunger, and urination. In some cases, diabetes could be a lifelong condition, characterized by high blood glucose levels.

Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes

All symptoms of type 1 diabetes occurred within days or in few weeks. They do not take long to develop, unlike type 2 diabetes symptoms. the common symptom that appears in body males and females are thirst, excess urination, difficulty in healing, fatigue or lack of energy, weight loss without any reason, and blurred vision.

The child may also experience hunger, mood swings, etc. there may be bedwetting cases of children with no previous habit of bedwetting.

The excess glucose in the bloodstream puts pressure on the kidney to filter and absorb all. When the kidney cannot manage the excess glucose, it increases urine production to make glucose move out of the body through urine. The excess urine leads to dehydration, which forces a person to drink more water constantly throughout the day. This in turn leads to a frequent need for passing urine.

The Gap Between Diagnosis And Development Of Type 1 Diabetes

The first few days after diagnosing for type 1 diabetes, the body may continue to produce insulin. The insulin production may fluctuate. There may be no need to get insulin shots .or there may be fewer insulin shots given during this period. This period happens in every case. However, there should be no delay in implementing the treatment plan to check the spread of type 1 diabetes.

Risk Factors Behind Type 1 Diabetes

The biggest risk factor is family history and genetics. Anyone with a family history of type 1 diabetes is at risk of developing the types of diabetes. Certain genes also raise the possibility of type 1 diabetes.

Treatment Plant To Deal With Type 1 Diabetes

The major part of the treatment plan for type 1 diabetes includes regular blood sugar monitoring, insulin doses on daily basis, changes in diet and insulin to prevent lower or higher blood sugar levels. The treatment plan also ensures that the patient is aware of the complications that might arise. The patient is suggested to seek medical help in case of any complications and treatment of complications.

Diet Plan As Treatment Of Type 1 Diabetes

Currently, all treatment plans to deal with type 1 diabetes depend on changes in diet and lifestyle. Diet change and some exercises are recommended for type 1 diabetes. These are the main pillars of any treatment plan. The treatment goal is to create a normal blood glucose level without leading to a low blood sugar level.

Type 1 diabetes diet consists of whole grains, brown rice, green vegetables, fruits, protein, low-fat dairy products, lean meat, and some exercises. These lifestyle changes prevent a sudden increase in blood glucose levels. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is also part of the treatment plan.

America diabetes association recommends that type 1 diabetics must know the glucose levels in the bloodstream at the particular time of the day. The association also provides a range of blood glucose levels to know the safe ranges.

Doctors prescribing Acarbose Glucobay 100 mg or lower dose to prevent a sudden increase in blood glucose levels after a meal. The medicine slows down the digestion process to slowly release sugar in the body.

Insulin Therapy To Treat Type 1 Diabetes

Unlike type 2 diabetes, which can be without insulin, if doctors feel so. Type 1 diabetes need insulin therapy to maintain the right amount of insulin throughout the day. More insulin than required can lead to hypoglycemia which is lower glucose levels.

To keep the risk down, patients given insulin treatment are given a range of blood glucose levels in both pre-meal and after meals. The pre-meal target of blood glucose may be 90-130 mg/dl and the post-meal blood glucose level is not less than 180mg/dl. The levels are changed to deal with hypoglycemia conditions. Then the patient is suggested upper higher blood sugar levels.

Women who are pregnant or getting pregnant are suggested to maintain lower glucose levels. The regular monitoring of blood glucose levels also helps in determining the change in diet plan and insulin dose.

Doctors also prescribe Trajenta 5 mg to help the body create insulin after a meal to check the increase in blood glucose levels.

What Current Researchers Are Trying To Do To Treat Type 1 Diabetes?

Researchers have made progress in understanding the way genetics and molecular factors work that lead to the destruction of beta cells in the pancreas, which produces insulin.

They are also trying to restore the ability of the body to produce insulin through a plantation of inset cells that produce insulin in the body. And to slow down the progression of diabetes in newly diagnosed patients.

Taking Care Of Mental Health

Sticking to a particular diet, taking blood glucose monitoring, and constantly worrying about diabetes can take a toll on mental health. Type 1 diabetes needs to take part in some physical activities as a part of treatment and to relax the mind. Feeling good about oneself makes it better to deal with any medical condition or lifestyle condition including type 1 diabetes. Doctors suggest some exercises to lower blood glucose levels naturally. Physical activities also help the patient to deal with mood swings better.

Conclusion For Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is the result of the destruction of cells that are behind the production of insulin in the body. However, changes in diet, exercises science Articles, insulin therapy make it possible to check the spread of type 1 diabetes and continue to live a normal life with a new lifestyle.
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